Safe Third Country Agreement United States

Ahmed Hussen, speaking as Canada`s Minister of the IRCC, said the terms of the agreement on the security of third-country nationals are still being respected. The ruling Liberal Party of Canada has not indicated any plans or intentions to suspend the agreement. [21] Trump has insisted in recent months that agreements on safe third countries be reached amid an increase in Central American migration to the United States. The number of migrants apprehended at the U.S. southern border exceeded 144,000 in May 2019, its highest monthly number since 2006. The Canadian Refugee Council strongly opposes this agreement because the United States is not a safe country for all refugees. The CCR also denounces the objective and impact of reducing the number of refugees who can seek refuge in Canada. As of February 2017, more and more refugees have begun to cross the Canadian border at locations other than official border checkpoints. To avoid the effects of the agreement, all refugees at a border crossing would be automatically repatriated to the United States, in accordance with the CAB provisions. [24] Since it is not illegal to cross the border outside a port of entry under the Immigration and Refugee Act or the rules associated with it, as long as the person immediately reports to a Canada Border Services Agency official and st.c.a. does not apply to rights outside a port of entry, these are persons who otherwise are not entitled to assert their rights after an irregular crossing. possible.

[25] In some cases, these refugees have been amputated by frostbite[23] and concerns have been expressed that some refugees may freeze to death while crossing the border. [26] The agreement helps both governments better manage access to the refugee system in each country for people crossing the land border between Canada and the United States. The two countries signed the agreement on 5 December 2002 and came into force on 29 December 2004. Under the Third Country Security Agreement, in effect since December 2004, Canada and the United States declare the other country safe for refugees and close the door to most refugees at the U.S.-Canada border. In a decisive decision this summer, a Canadian federal judge ruled that the United States is not a safe country for asylum seekers. In that statement, the court stated that the Safe Third Country Agreement between the United States and Canada – which requires refugee claimants to apply for refugee protection in the first country they arrive in and is based on the assumption that both countries are “safe” for asylum seekers – is contrary to the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and is inconsistent with the Convention. Although the verdict will not take effect for six months and the Canadian government has recently appealed, the decision is nevertheless a turning point for the rights of asylum seekers in the United States and Canada.