The Constitutional Convention took place from May 14 to September 17, 1787 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The convention was held because of management problems in the United States, which, after The independence of Great Britain, acted within the framework of the Articles of Confederation. Although the Convention was tasked with revising the articles of Confederation, the intention of many of its supporters, including James Madison and Alexander Hamilton, was from the outset to create a new government rather than repair the existing government. Delegates elected George Washington to chair the Convention. The result of the Convention was the Constitution of the United States, which made the Convention one of the most important events in the history of the United States. Differences in views on representation threatened to derail ratification of the U.S. Constitution, with delegates on both sides pledging to reject the document if they did not get away with it. The solution took the form of a compromise proposed by statesmen Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth of Connecticut. This agreement allowed discussions to continue and resulted in the three-fifths compromise, which further complicated the issue of popular representation in Parliament. The scope of the resolutions, which went far beyond the tinkering of the statutes of Confederation, allowed the debate to be extended to fundamental revisions to the structure and powers of the national government.
The resolutions propose, for example, a new form of national government, which has three branches: the legislative, the executive and the judiciary. One of the controversial issues of the Convention was how states, large and small, would be represented in the legislature. The controversy was whether there would be equal representation for each state, regardless of size and population, or whether there would be proportional representation to the population, with larger states having more votes than less populous states. George Washington, president of the Federal Constitutional Court, revealed in his diary few personal conflicts and compromises of delegates. But even the imperfiable Washington revealed his frustration when, on September 17, 1787, he found that all convention delegates had the Constitution except “Govr.” [Edmund] Randolph and Colo. [George] Mason from Virginia and Mr. [Elbridge] Gerry from Massachusetts. The problem was referred to a commission made up of a delegate from each state in order to reach a compromise. On 5 July, the Committee presented its report, which became the basis for the “great compromise” of the Convention.
The report recommended that each state have the same voice in the House of Lords, and in the House of Commons, each state should have one representative for every 40,000 inhabitants,  slaves should be counted as three-fifths of one inhabitant and that the money bills should come from the House of Commons (not subject to a change by the upper chamber).